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Realistic Eye Modeling for 3D Characters

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Date Added: 9th December 2009
Software used:
I'm posting a very simple tutorial on how to model and apply shaders to get realistic eyes, the "windows of your character's soul". A lot of times, bad eyes can "kill" your character literally, even if it has the most perfect modeling of the world. The importance of the eyes is exactly this: give life to your character. Therefore, don't underestimate this very important step of CG character construction... if not, you've only created "puppets".

There is a quite big camber in the cornea, in the iris area. That irregularity, that all of us have, can become a great problem for a CG character. When rotating the eye, this area unfortunately would invade the eyelids faces, causing strange results. For that reason, I decreased this camber to avoid a probable future problem.

1. Create a sphere with few segments (in this case, 8):

2. If you prefer, delete the half and use a NURMS/Symmetry (MAX) or CPS Script (MAYA):

3. Here, we see the approximate size proportion of the iris in relation to the eye. It occupies an area a little larger than 2/4 of the height but not 1/3. Create 2 new loops according to the indications in red, exactly where the iris borders will be:

4. Here, the perspective view, after a small polygon "relax":

5. Model the small camber until getting a close result of this (side view):

6. We will transform the extremity triangles...

7. quads, cutting the mesh this way:

8. SubD wire version...


9. ...shade mode. Observe that the camber is minimum, different than it happens in the real eye:

10. Here are the initial proportions maintained after the completion of the first part, the cornea:


continued on next page >

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Readers Comments (Newest on Top)
Niko on Sat, 22 February 2014 3:54pm
It would be very helpful, if you could post more Details on the Material Settings you have used. Especially for a Max-User, like me, it is very complicated to follow Step 17 to 21. Thanks in advance!
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