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Drawing the Human Eye

By Katherine Dinger
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Date Added: 9th December 2009
Software used:
Photoshop
Here's another tutorial I made tonight. A few people have asked me how I draw eyes... so here ya go.

964_tid_01.jpg

Step 1 - Start with a basic sketch of the eye. Notice how the lines droops down on the left and flares slightly upwards at the bottom to reveal the tear duct. I've noticed that many people forget to draw tear ducts on their eyes. Keep in mind that eyes vary a LOT from person to person. This eye is based off of my own. I think my eyes are rounder than average.

964_tid_02.jpg
This is an example of how not to draw an eye. *grin* I see eyes like the lower one all the time. Lots of people have a tendancy to draw the iris small and in the center of the eyeball, not touching either the upper or lower eyelids. Almost any time you see a relaxed eye, part of the iris will be concealed... unless the person has naturally bugged out eyes like me. *grin* Another problem with the drawing below is that the lines of the eyelid are overly defined. There is no sense of form because there are no varying line widths. This drawing doesn't show the subtle contours of the tear ducts and the folds in the lid.

964_tid_03.jpg
Step 2 - Here I've started to develop the highlights. I pointed out specific areas which I think are important. Area number two is often neglected. It shows the highlight along the inner rim of the bottom lid. Your eyelids are not flat, they are thick folds of flesh that wrap around the eyeball. Look in the mirror at your own eye to see what I mean.

964_tid_04.jpg
Step 3 - Start putting in shadows. A nice balance between light and shadow is important to make areas *pop*.
Area 1 is pretty important... lots of people forget to shade the eyeball itself and leave it stark white. Remember that its called an eyeBALL for a reason. *grin*

964_tid_05.jpg

Step 4

- With a finer brush, add bolder highlights in specific areas. You'll notice things are getting a bit more crisp now. Notice that on section 2 the highlighted part of the iris is opposite the bright white highlight. This is how I usually draw it. I've heard that the eye almost always highlights this way - but don't quote me on that ;) And the same as the step above, you want to add light to the eyeball itself to make it appear round.

964_tid_06.jpg

Step 5

- Deepen the shadows along the lash line. I've always darkened the pupil as well as the rim around the iris. Often I notice that eyes are dark around the edges and in the center, then they sort of fade into the center where the highlight gets bold and the color of the eye is more evident.

964_tid_07.jpg
Step 6 - Last step! I added some "spokes" to the center of the eye to make it more realistic. I also added a bright hightlight to the tear duct. Remember that this is a wet surface we're dealing with, so parts of your eye appear glossy.

964_tid_08.jpg
Step 7 - Done!
wait...
 
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