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Rigging 101

By Sergio Mucino
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Date Added: 9th December 2009
Software used:
3ds Max

You'll notice that this model required an extra set of special bones for the heels (these will be used for skinning purposes)... this is not required for most characters. Feel free to experiment with different models and see how you arrive at an efficient boning solution.

HIPS AND TAIL

Let's start refining the rest of the skeleton. We'll need to create a hip bone, and in the case of this charcater, a tail bone(s). Do this in the front vieport, going from the belly area downwards. When you're done, using the left viewport, rotate them accordingly. You might need to go into Bone Edit mode (bone tools floater) and move some bones a bit, if they're too short. Make sure the root bone is aligned in position with the root bone for the spine chain. They should be located in the same place (their pivots). This will give us a better motion in this area. Here's what these new bones look like...

704_tid_Fig11.jpg
Fig 11. Hips and tail.

NECK, HEAD AND JAW.

Create a chain going from the spine's terminator bone pivot point up to the tip of the head. I used two bones for my character's neck, since it's kinda long, and from the character design, it looks like it needs to be able to bend there... and one bone for the head. I then created a smaller bone for the jaw. Be sure to position it in the middle of the model's jaw, and where the jaw bone should be. Check your jaw... your jaw bone's pivot should be just below your ears. My character has a very small jaw, so I positioned the bone accordingly... here's what I ended up with..

704_tid_Fig12.jpg
Fig 12. Neck, head and jaw.


CLAVICLES

All that remains, are the clavicles. Create them by selecting the spine's terminator bone, and doing a bone connect operation to each root bone of the arms chain. Select these new bones, unlink them, and rotate them if needed (relinking them afterwards). Here's what you should have...

704_tid_Fig13.jpg
Fig 13. Clavicles.

FINISHED SKELETON

Here's how your finished skeleton should look like now. Take a look at yours and see you're not missing anything. We'll proceed to applying IK solvers, and some special controls.

704_tid_Fig14a.jpg
704_tid_Fig14b.jpg
Fig 14. Finished skeleton.





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Readers Comments (Newest on Top)
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(ID: 234042, pid: 0) AshkanFarmanbar on Fri, 15 November 2013 4:57pm
Thank you a lot because you closed to me one of my Interest parts of the 3dmax ...so i remember you freind...;)
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(ID: 193324, pid: 0) Anil on Sat, 20 April 2013 11:57am
Such a useful tutorial ! thanks for sharing
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