Keep up-to-date with Free tutorials!!


Sign up to our twice-monthly newsletter today for the latest tutorials, interviews and product information.

Sign me up to receive third-party emails from 3dtotal's partners, too!

- Latest news
- Exclusive Shop Offers
- Preview early content
- Plus much more


Not Ready to take that step? OK, Why not just Subscribe to the RSS Feed

submit tutorial
1 | 2
Texturing Image Breakdown: Shaft

By Richard Tilbury
| Your Rating:
rating star fullrating star fullrating star fullrating star fullrating star full
(13 Votes)
| Comments 2
Date Added: 22nd November 2011
Software used:
3ds Max, Photoshop

The rust and grime that has built up around the two hatches was extracted from the upper right texture whilst the small holes were taken from the Total Textures: V17 - Urban Extras DVD.

Varying Coordinates and Composite Maps

If modular design forms an integral part of your scene and it is necessary to create numerous sections of identical geometry then creating duplicates is an obvious choice. It also makes sense to map these before copying them; however, the drawback is that when you apply a single texture they all look the same. One way to combat this is to alternate the UVs of each component so that they do not reference the same part of the texture. If you are tiling the texture, which may be necessary to achieve the correct scale, this will not necessarily solve the problem, however using a Composite map will help.

The girders, for example, are long and thin and as these were Box mapped it was necessary to tile the texture lengthways to avoid stretching due to the template ratio. However this created a visible repeat and so to alleviate the problem I used a Composite by overlaying a second texture, but this time without any tiling.

Fig.06 illustrates this principal: The base texture is tiled (Layer 1) but there is an obvious issue so a second layer is added without any tiling (Layer 2). This is set to a suitable blending mode within the Composite map rollout (see example layout in the Material Editor) in order that we see both textures (Overlay in this case). As you can see on the bottom right the result is far less problematic now. The second texture has gone some way towards concealing the tiling issue and created some much needed variation.

Fig. 06

Fig.07 shows the method applied within the context of our scene using one of the many girders. Layer 1 is the base texture, which is tiled by a value of 3 along the U and V axis, and you can observe the issues along the girder on the far right (1). When the second texture is applied and set to Spotlight at 34% you can see the resultant effect (2). In this instance the second texture has been tiled by a value of 2 instead of being left at the default of 1. Normally you would avoid this, but as long as there are no obvious tiling issues this is fine. The shapes of the girders permitted this deviation, but were we dealing with a large expanse this would have proved problematic.

Fig. 07

I used this same technique on the majority of the geometry, with the exception of the aforementioned ducts and hatches, as well as the cylindrical tanks that are scattered along the right side of the shaft. I used a single texture for the tanks, but in order to avoid any obvious symmetry I rotated a couple to expose a different part of the texture (Fig.08). In order to add more variety I pasted the texture into a Composite map and then added a second texture set to Overlay, which was then assigned to a selection of the tanks (1). As illustrated by the girders in Fig.07 this helps mask any uniformity as well as adding a different tint.

Fig. 08

The red and green geometry highlighted in Fig.09 show the sections that employ this technique.
The final image can be seen here with additional smoke and heat waves courtesy of some post-production in Photoshop (Fig.10).

Fig. 09

Fig. 10

< previous page
1 | 2
Related Tutorials


Gallery Image.

Keywords: modeling, texturing, modo, portrait

Go to tutorial
rating star fullrating star fullrating star fullrating star fullrating star full (7)
Comments 0 Views 19954


Gallery Image.

Keywords: KeyShot, Car, Scene, 3ds Max, Texturing

Go to galleries 1
rating star fullrating star fullrating star fullrating star halfrating star none
Comments 0 Views 18026


Gallery Image.

Keywords: Substance Painter, Allegorithmic, Painting, Texturing

Go to galleries 1
rating star fullrating star fullrating star fullrating star fullrating star full
Comments 1 Views 18894


Gallery Image.

Keywords: character, texturing, head,

Go to galleries 1
rating star fullrating star fullrating star fullrating star halfrating star none
Comments 1 Views 26781
Readers Comments (Newest on Top)
(ID: 64552, pid: 0) Richard Tilbury on Wed, 23 November 2011 8:57am
Thanks ! Having never used Maya I cannot say how you would substitute the composite map. There may be a comparable method but unfortunately I am not familiar with the package. With respect to the steam; yes it was added in Photoshop. It was a last minute decision that was not initially planned.
(ID: 64340, pid: 0) Alan Wilson on Tue, 22 November 2011 3:10pm
Great tutorial , once again!! How would you tackle this same issue in Maya? Since there is no composite material available there. Also was the steam added in post in Photoshop? Cheers
Add Your Comment