For now we need to concentrate on proportions and volumes. Once this is established we can take it a step further and sculpt in more details. To keep the work file organized and easy the handle, use polygroups and sculpt layers to keep control over sculpture while building up the "clay" (Fig.03
Before posing the character, store its current shape in a layer (Fig.04
When looking at the face for example, we all have eyes, nose, mouth and ears, so these areas can be defined in loops. Make sure the mesh is closed so whenever you have to change something in the mesh, projecting the details back will be much easier. It's important to concentrate on the overall shape.
Once everything is in the right place and you have defined the size and shape of the eyes and nose, slowly but patiently build up the face and add the next level of detail. This process takes time; don't rush it, but enjoy it (Fig.05
When sculpting skin, you should use layers to balance the different alphas and details. Here's how I do it:
1. I start by creating a layer for the first overall skin structure pass.
2. I use the Standard brush, Spray Stroke type and an inverted Alpha56. I set my intensity really low and change the brush from ZAdd to ZSub. I hardly put any pressure on my pen while painting the surface.
3. Next I add a layer with skin direction using the same brush settings, but with an inverted Alpha58. Now I'm making strokes following the facial features.
4. These two layers can already be balanced.
5. In a new layer, I draw some strokes with the Dam Standard brush to emphasize some skin creases where skin stretches and compresses.
6. When the first layers are balanced, I use the Merge Down button. I will make an extra layer to emphasize the creases and make wrinkles from them. With the Inflate brush I lift up the skin between the creases.
7. Next I turn off the skin structure layer and smoothe the inflated areas from the outside in.
8. With the skin structure and wrinkles on top, I create a final layer for the bumps, pimples and other irregularities of the skin (Fig.06
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